The Buddhist Concept of "Bhavachakra" (Wheel of Life)

The Bhavachakra or the Wheel of Life is one of the most important symbols in Buddhism. It is based on the teachings of Buddha Siddhartha Gautama and represents the whole world we live in along with rebirth (samsara) and enlightenment (nirvana). The Bhavachakra shows various Buddhist concepts through its complex images and symbols; so that people could understand how they are related to each other and why we suffer from them.

Origin and Development of BhavachakraIf we want to know more about what Bhavachakra means then it’s necessary to go back into ancient India where Gautam Buddha lived between 6th -4th century BCE. As per Buddhism, there are Four Noble Truths which tell about suffering i.e., dukkha; its causes; ways to stop it permanently and path leading towards that end. Samsara – cycle birth-death-rebirth due to karma, a moral cause-and effect law is another key idea within this system.

The wheel of life started off as a didactic device meant for illustrating these deep truths. It was first mentioned in early Buddhist texts as well displayed by art works found around old stupas & temples all across India. But over time various schools & sects added their own interpretations thereby making it even more diverse throughout Asia.

Meaning and Iconography:The Bhavachakra is represented by a round shape that is separated into multiple sections, all of which are rich in symbolic features. In the middle of the wheel there are three animals, generally a pig, a snake and a rooster, which respectively stand for ignorance, aversion and attachment – the three poisons. These toxins are not only themselves suffering but also give rise to sufferings that establish the continuity of rebirths through their own actions.

From this centre extend outward six realms representing various states of being within samsara:

  • Deva (Gods): This heavenly realm embodies indulgence and luxury.
  • Asura (Titans): It is characterized by envy among demi-gods who fight one another continuously in competitions for power.
  • Manusya (Humans): Here on earth people experience both pleasure as well as pain.
  • Tiryagyoni (Animals): The animal kingdom represents ignorance and behavior driven purely by instincts.
  • Preta (Hungry Ghosts): Beings in this realm suffer from unquenchable cravings or desires they can never satisfy.
  • Naraka (Hell Beings): Hell beings endure extreme agony and despair throughout eternity due to their wickedness while alive or after death if reborn there again anew etcetera.

These worlds demonstrate different life situations resulting from actions done under law of karma; they interpenetrate each other showing impermanence or transitory nature.

The twelve links of conditioned genesis (pratityasamutpada) are depicted as encircling the worlds to represent the cycle of life and death. It starts with ignorance and ends with aging and death. This shows that suffering is cyclic and that there is a way out of it.

The Wheel of Life usually has Yama, the god of death, holding it tightly from below which symbolizes impermanence or transience — one key concept in Buddhism.

Interpreting the Bhavachakra:Different schools within Buddhism have their own interpretations on what this wheel means; therefore interpretation may vary depending upon Buddhist tradition or sect being referred to. In Theravada Buddhism (predominant in South-East Asia), for example, more attention is given towards understanding oneself by considering those mental states represented by different parts of this wheel while Mahayana Buddhism (post-Mahavihara period spread across East Asia) tends to stress universal compassion inherent within such teachings associated with circular diagrams like these where enlightenment sought after not only for self but also all sentient beings thus leading into interpreting Bhava-Chakra as an exhortation to relieve others’ pain.



In the Tibetan and neighbouring regions, Vajrayana Buddhism uses the Bhavachakra in complex tantric rituals. This wheel serves as a meditation aid that allows people to visualize and go beyond the cycle of samsara through advanced methods.

Application:The Bhavachakra is not just another abstract concept; it guides Buddhist practitioners throughout their spiritual journey. When we learn about how this wheel works – our cravings, what causes suffering and how we can be free from it – we gain an understanding of ourselves as humans and the way towards enlightenment.

By contemplating upon the Bhavachakra, one can realize worldly existence is impermanent and unsatisfactory. Individuals should recognize forces that propel twelve links of dependent origination within samsara; thus breaking away from routine behaviours which will lead them to liberation.

Furthermore, ethical behaviour as well as compassionate living are motivated by this very same Bhavachakra. Practitioners who see all beings interconnectedness within its realms therefore strive towards qualities like generosity, patience or wisdom – necessary steps on their path to awakening.

Practical Usefulness in the Everyday LifeThe teachings contained in the Wheel of Life are applicable not only within monastic walls or academic research facilities but also in our daily existence as we try to cope with its complexities. Practitioners’ mindfulness and insight into their day can be developed through contemplation of this Cycle.

Recognition of the Causes of Pain: The Bhavachakra points out that ignorance, aversion, and attachment – the three poisons – are at the root of suffering. By recognizing these negative states in our minds we may strive for self-awareness which leads to compassionate understanding thereby helping us overcome them.

Understanding Interconnectedness: The various regions illustrated by the wheel display their interdependence upon one another. Realizing that every being is closely related to all others should foster compassion for them and cause us to take responsibility for creating peace among them while reducing worldly agonies.

Observance of Moral Principles: Karma refers to action (cause) and its effect (consequence) as emphasized by the Bhavachakra. Positive imprints on personal happiness could be made if people live ethically based on love combined with knowledge thus benefiting themselves and others too.


Growing Smart and Sympathetic: Meditating on the Bhavachakra broadens our knowledge of impermanence, pain, and being. This realization, when combined with compassion for all living beings stuck in samsara or cyclic existence, leads to acts of selflessness aimed at helping others.

Striving for Freedom: Liberation from the cycle of birth and death (samsara) leading to nirvana is the highest goal of every Buddhist. Being a wheel of life, Bhavachakra shows people how they can get liberated by identifying what brings suffering upon them and changing themselves spiritually through it.

Relevance TodayThe Bhavachakra still manages to spark various interpretations and artistic representations even in todays globalized society. Modern-day Buddhist teachers as well as scholars use this ancient emblem to tackle contemporary problems while delivering teachings that are present-centred thus relating better with their current listenership.

Being Mindful for Mental Health: The bhavachakra offers insights into the mind’s workings and emotions thus providing an avenue for cultivating mindfulness which ensures mental well-being. With time, therapeutic settings have started incorporating mindfulness exercises based on Buddha’s teachings like vipassana meditation whose main aim is to relieve stress while enhancing resilience.

Social Justice and Compassionate Action: The “Wheel of Life” emphasizes the need for social justice and elimination of pain. Buddhist belief in non-violence (ahimsa) and concern for others leads people to participate in campaigns and do humanitarian works with the purpose of making this world fairer and more caring.

Interfaith Dialogue and Global Harmony: The universal nature of themes represented by the Wheel – which include change, suffering, freedom – can be used as a base for dialogue between different religions or spiritual paths towards mutual comprehension. These teachings foster global peace through international conversation initiated by them.

In summary, Bhavachakra – The Wheel of Life is an everlasting representation reflecting various aspects on Buddhism such as enlightenment or liberation from worldly existence etcetera. It has many visual details combined with symbolic meanings that still stimulate curiosity among both practitioners nor researchers giving them real-life applications essential for living meaningful lives filled with empathy towards others.


अनंत पद्मनाभस्वामी मंदिर केरल के कुंबला शहर से लगभग 6 किमी दूर अनंतपुरा के छोटे से गाँव में स्थित है।

अनंत पद्मनाभस्वामी मंदिर की एक खासियत यह है की यह  मंदिर एक झील के बीच में स्थित है, इसीलिए इसे अनंतपुरा झील मंदिर भी कहा जाता है।

Parsi Building Styles and Themes in Art and Architecture

The Parsi communitys art and architecture, so significantly intertwined with their religion and cultural heritage, which spans over centuries, is indeed a manifestation of the strong history of tradition, symbolism, and unique aesthetics. The Parsis, worshipers of Zoroastrianism, have their artistic tradition, which stands out from the rest because of their beliefs, history, and values. Now, we will try to unfold the world of Parsi art and architecture told through symbolic motifs and architectural styles which are the core of this radiant tradition.

The Parsi Faith and Its Impact (on) (the) Culture

If you want to understand Parsi art and architecture, you have to know the fundamental beliefs of Zoroastrianism, the ancient religion of the prophet Zoroaster, the founder of the religion, in ancient Persia. Parsi people, who fled from Persia in ancient times and found themselves in the Indian subcontinent, have been very faithful in preserving their religion and way of life.

Fundamental to Zoroastrianism is the idea of dualism—the continuous battle for the supremacy of Ahura Mazda (the highest spirit of goodness and wisdom) and Angra Mainyu (the destructive spirit of evil). This duality is shown in Parsi art via different images and symbols.

Symbolism in Parsi Art

Parsi art is devoid of symbols that are used to convey their philosophical and spiritual meaning. One of the most outstanding symbols is Faravahar, a side-dewing with a human figure, which symbolizes the Zoroastrian idea of the divine guardian spirit. The recurring theme is found in Parsi architecture, jewelry, and textiles which usually have spiritual implications of the journey and connection with God.

Other symbols frequently found in Parsi art are the Homa-time Sacred Fire, which symbolizes purity and illumination, and the Fravashi, ancestral guardian spirits thought to guard and guide the living. These symbols are not just decorative but they carry so much sense in the daily lives and routines of Parsis.

Navroz Nectar: Savoring the Traditions and Delights of Parsi New Year

Description: Immerse yourself in the rich tapestry of Parsi culture as we unveil the beauty and significance of Navroz, the Parsi New Year. From ancient traditions to delectable culinary delights, join us in celebrating the spirit of renewal and joy that accompanies this auspicious occasion.