Beginnings and Historical Background: Lord Mahavira, the 24th Tirthankara, is regarded as the final and most important disciple of God in ancient India, where Buddhism first arrived. Mahavira, who was born in the sixth century BCE, gave up on the material world in pursuit of wisdom and spiritual truth. His teachings, which highlight the idea of "kindness," or non-violence, as the most important virtue, serve as the basis of Jain philosophy.
Fundamental Ideas of Jainism: Non-violence, or kindness: the path of a the foundation of Jainism, is more than just avoiding from harm and injury to others. Jains work to uphold nonviolence in speech, thought, and deed in order to create harmony and compassion. Jains regard complete honesty as critical. By being truthful in all facets of life,it practice promotes integrity and transparency.Asteya exhorts Jains to abstain from stealing, including the stealing of real goods and intellectual property. It encourages contentment and withdrawal from worldly wants. Brahmacharya is a term from Jainism that means self-control and moderation in all facets of life, though it is commonly associated with silence. Jains support materialism and letting go of material things. A easy, clean lifestyle is encouraged by the incident.
Religious Behaviors: Self-Reflection and Meditation: To achieve moral clarity and self-awareness Jain nuns and followers practice meditation. One way to cultivate inner peace and purify the soul is through meditation. Through rituals and prayers, Jains commemorate the five fortunate life events (Panch Kalyanak) of the Tirthankaras, highlighting the benefits of spiritual awakening. For Jains, Paryushana is an important time for self-discipline and fasting. It entails reflection, confession, and asking for forgiven.
Jain Temples and Art: The carefully constructed temples of Jainism have had a profound influence on Indian art and architecture. Well-known temples that prove outstanding design and represent the artistic prowess and loyalty of the Jain community are Shikharji in Jharkhand and the Dilwara Temples in Mount Abu in Gujarat.
The intellectual Activities: The Indian thought process gained greatly from the work of Jain the thinkers. The Jain method for learning the variety of reality is exemplified by ideas like syadvada (the theory of conditioned prediction) and anekantavada (the doctrine of non-absolutism).